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中風後常會出現怎樣的併發症?

以上資訊僅供參考用途,不可取替求醫的需要,亦不能作為自我診斷或選擇治療的依據。唯有您的醫生方能為您作出準確的診斷及提供適當的治療。

參考資料

  1. Cleveland Clinic. Health Library. Articles. Understanding Stroke. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/understanding-stroke (Accessed Jun 21, 2017).

  2. Mayo Clinic. Patient Care and Health Information. Diseases and Conditions. Stroke. Symptoms and causes. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stroke/symptoms-causes/dxc-20117265 (Accessed Jun 21, 2017).

  3. National Stroke Association. We Can Help. Survivors. Stroke Recovery. Post-Stroke Conditions. Physical. Available at: http://www.stroke.org/we-can-help/survivors/stroke-recovery/post-stroke-conditions/physical (Accessed Jun 21, 2017).

  4. Stroke Association. What Is Stroke? Common Problems after Stroke. Problems with Movement and Balance. Available at: https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-stroke/common-problems-after-stroke/problems-movement-and-balance (Accessed Jun 21, 2017).

  5. National Stroke Association. We Can Help. Survivors. Stroke Recovery. Post-Stroke Conditions. Cognition. Available at: http://www.stroke.org/we-can-help/survivors/stroke-recovery/post-stroke-conditions/cognition (Accessed Jun 21, 2017).

  6. Stroke Association. What Is Stroke? Common Problems after Stroke. Available at: https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-stroke/common-problems-after-stroke (Accessed Jun 21, 2017).

  7. Alvarez-Sabín J, Ortega G, Jacas C, et al. Long-term treatment with citicoline may improve poststroke vascular cognitive impairment. Cerebrovasc Dis 2013;35:146-154.

  8. Wentzel C, Rockwood K, MacKnight C, et al. Progression of impairment in patients with vascular cognitive impairment without dementia. Neurology 2001; 57: 714-716.

當出現中風時,腦內的神經細胞因受損而無法與其他細胞溝通,令控制記憶力、語言及活動能力的部分受影響  。按腦部缺血的時間及受損的部分不同,中風可導致短期或永久喪失活動能力 。所幸的是,仍有方法可以減低這些中風的影響  。

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認知能力變化

腦部損傷會導致各種認知能力出現變化,包括記憶力減退、語言障礙以及思考能力出現問題,例如推理、計劃、決策和概念理解能力等等     。在中風後6個月,有74%的患者會患上認知能力衰退 。另外,約半數會有認知能力衰退,而未曾患認知障礙症的人士更會於中風後五年間患上該症  。

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身體機能變化

很多中風常見的影響都與身體機能有關。有些患者在中風後會感到肌肉無力,出現活動困難 。如情況變得嚴重,患者或會失去身體某些部位的活動能力 。

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